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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های Johnson,، cooperative، language، University

of cross- cultural pragmatics. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.* Jaramillo, J. (1996). Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and contributions to the development of constructivist curricula. Education, 117(1), 133-140.* Jeong, M., Lin, C. Y., & Lee, G. G. (2009). Semi-supervised speech act recognition in emails and forums. In Proceedings of the 2009 Conference on بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های cooperative، learning، acts، competitive

an 2005).Table 4.7 normality testsGroupNSkewnessKurtosis StatisticStatisticStd. ErrorStatisticStd. ErrorCooperativePET28-.316.441-1.265.858 Pretest28-.310.441-.486.858 Posttest28-.654.441-.320.858CompetitivePET27.789.448-.405.872 Pretest27.519.448.420.872 Posttest27.096.448.231.872 The assumption of homogeneity of variances will be discussed when reporting the results of the independent t-test. Upon checking the assumption and meeting them an independent samples t-test was run to compare the cooperative and competitive groups’ mean بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های learning، cooperative، language، University

group. Therefore, the obvious conclusion is that the devised treatment i.e. encouraging cooperative learning in the second language classroom has helped the participants in the cooperative group to perform better than the competitive group in which the learners relied on competition. Here it could be concluded that in case the بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های test، cooperative، acts، mean

illustrated additional dialogs of the speech acts under study (i.e.) were taken from: Functions (Matreyek, 1990); Passages series (Richards & Sandy, 1998); Interchange series (Richards et al., 2005); Top Notch series (Saslow & Ascher, 2005); Friends sitcom (Crane & Kauffman, 1994 to 2004); and instructional movies. 3.5. Procedure3.5.1. Pretest In بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های test، competitive، learning، each

be discouraging and frustrating; however we learn things at different rates, so such comparisons are not particularly helpful, unless you’re doing some research into second language acquisition (SLA).Competition is part of our routine and everyday life. Acquiring the skills crucial to compete effectively can be of considerable value. In addition, بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های an، language، performative، Austin

g terms, were used in the present study, naturally the results had a limited implication and could not be generalized to all types of speech acts. CHAPTER II REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE 2.1. Introduction Language as an indivisible part of daily lives is the primary tool implemented to transmit بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های illocutionary، acts، an، p.

execution of a procedure’, and (when appropriate to the act) ‘certain thoughts, feelings, or intentions’.” (1994, p. 51), These circumstances are more often called felicity conditions.2.6. Felicity Conditions Austin proposes the term of felicity conditions and defines the conditions as follows (Austin, 1962, p. 14-15):A. There must be an acknowledged بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های cooperative، learning، group، each

differentiate them. There are two steps of achievement, in performing illocutionary and perlocutionary acts that can be best clarified on an example.Would you close the door?If the sentence is just considered as an illocutionary act (a request), the act is successful when the addressee understands that he should close the بیشتر بخوانید...

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پایان نامه با کلید واژه های learning، cooperative، competitive، language

), there are many benefits of cooperative learning, and it should have its place in the classroom for several reasons. Humans are social beings that learn extremely well through interaction. While using methods of cooperative learning, students will develop a sense of community and commitment. This method of learning also بیشتر بخوانید...

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